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The sounds of English and the International Phonetic Alphabet

Traditionally, the following 44 characters of International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are used in dictionaries.
  1. Short vowels  ɪ ʊ ʌ ɒ ə e æ
  2. Long vowels  iː uː ɑː ɔː ɜː
  3. Diphthongs  ɪə ʊə aɪ ɔɪ əʊ eə aʊ eɪ
  4. Voiceless consonants  p t ʧ k f θ s ʃ
  5. Voiced consonants  b d ʤ ɡ v ð z ʒ
  6. Other consonants  m n ŋ h l r w j
The following are examples of the use of these characters in describing the pronunciation of words. Examples have sound illustrations using speech synthesis technology (TTS).
Button RANDOM allows you to browse examples in random order.
 
 
 

       

Short vowels (7)

king [kɪŋ]; disk [dɪsk]; lift [lɪft]

book [bʊk]; foot [fʊt]; full [fʊl]

club [klʌb]; cut [kʌt]; sun [sʌn]

bomb [bɒm]; song [sɒŋ]; top [tɒp]

address [əˈdres]; allow [əˈlaʊ]; than [ðən]

bed [bed]; egg [eɡ]; pen [pen]

bank [bæŋk]; flag [flæɡ]; man [mæn]

Long vowels (5)

deep [diːp]; free [friː]; key [kiː]

soup [suːp]; two [tuː]; who [huː]

car [kɑː]; card [kɑːd]; market [ˈmɑːkɪt]

ball [bɔːl]; law [lɔː]; pause [pɔːz];

girl [ɡɜːl]; world [wɜːld]; Thursday [ˈθɜːzdeɪ]

Diphthongs (8)

beer [bɪə]; dear [dɪə]; year [jɪə]

euro [ˈjʊərəʊ]; rural [ˈrʊərəl]; tourist [ˈtʊərɪst]

five [faɪv]; nine [naɪn]; time [taɪm]

boy [bɔɪ]; choice [tʃɔɪs]; noise [nɔɪz]

local [ˈləʊkl]; moment [ˈmәʊmәnt]; ocean [ˈəʊʃn]

air [eə]; bear [beə]; hair [heə];

cow [kaʊ]; house [haʊs]; mouse [maʊs]

game [ɡeɪm]; name [neɪm]; page [peɪdʒ]

Voiceless consonants (8)

page [peɪdʒ]; pen [pen]; pause [pɔːz]

top [tɒp]; two [tuː]; tourist [ˈtʊərɪst]

choice [tʃɔɪs]; rich [rɪtʃ]; speech [spiːtʃ]

king [kɪŋ]; club [klʌb]; key [kiː]

foot [fʊt]; full [fʊl]; flag [flæɡ]

Thursday [ˈθɜːzdeɪ]; method [ˈmeθəd]; thing [θɪŋ]

city [ˈsɪti]; song [sɒŋ]; sun [sʌn]

sugar [ˈʃʊɡə]; show [ʃəʊ]; shoe [ʃuː]

Voiced consonants (8)

ball [bɔːl]; bed [bed]; book [bʊk]

day [deɪ]; deep [diːp]; dear [dɪə]

geography [dʒiˈɒɡrəfi]; gentleman [ˈdʒentlmən]; page [peɪdʒ]

girl [ɡɜːl]; game [ɡeɪm]; flag [flæɡ]

five [faɪv]; visit [ˈvɪzɪt]; virus [ˈvaɪrəs]

than [ðən]; then [ðen]; they [ðeɪ]

zebra [ˈzebrə]; pause [pɔːz]; visit [ˈvɪzɪt]

measure [ˈmeʒə]; pleasure [ˈpleʒə]; revision [rɪˈvɪʒn]

Other consonants (8)

man [mæn]; market [ˈmɑːkɪt]; mouse [maʊs]

name [neɪm]; nine [naɪn]; sun [sʌn]

king [kɪŋ]; song [sɒŋ]; ring [rɪŋ]

hair [heə]; house [haʊs]; who [huː]

ball [bɔːl]; law [lɔː]; lift [lɪft]

red [red]; rich [rɪtʃ]; ring [rɪŋ]

window [ˈwɪndәʊ]; water [ˈwɔːtə]; website [ˈwebsaɪt]

year [jɪə]; yes [jes]; you [ju]

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